National Ocean Policy + Marine Planning
Please visit the links below to learn more about the U.S. National Ocean Policy and goals for regional marine planning.
National Ocean Policy
The U.S. National Ocean Policy (NOP) was established by Executive Order 13366 in 2010, laying out priorities and goals for protecting the health of the nation's ocean, coasts and Great Lakes. The policy also established the National Ocean Council, made up of representatives from federal agencies involved in ocean and coastal issues. The policy was based on the final recommendations of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force, which between 2009-2010.
NOP Implementation Plan
In April 2013, the White House released the National Ocean Policy Implementation Plan. The plan is aimed at translating the Policy into tangible actions for federal agencies to implement. While a primary focus of the plan is marine planning, other issues areas are included in the plan, such as commercial and recreational fishing, energy, and shipping.
- National Ocean Policy Implementation Plan
- NOP Implementation Plan Background, Fact Sheets, and Appendix
Following the release of the Implementation Plan, the National Ocean Council released a handbook specifically focused on marine planning. The handbook provides specific guidance on establishing regional entities focused on marine planning, while ensuring flexibility within each region based on the goals of its planning partners and regional stakeholders.
Regional Planning Bodies
The National Ocean Policy and Implementation Plan have designated regions around the U.S. for marine planning. Many regions have had state-led Regional Ocean Partnerships in place for some time, while more recently Regional Planning Bodies have been established in select regions. In addition, Ocean Data Portals (or similar entities) have been set up to support the efforts of these groups and enhance information-sharing around ocean management and marine planning.
For more information on select Regional Ocean Partnerships, Regional Planning Bodies, and Ocean Data Portals, follow the links below.
Regional Planning Bodies
- Northeast Regional Planning Body
- Mid-Atlantic Regional Planning Body
- Pacific Islands Regional Planning Body
Regional Ocean Partnerships
- West Coast Governors' Alliance on Ocean Health (WCGA)
- Northeast Regional Ocean Council (NROC)
- Mid-Atlantic Regional Council on the Ocean (MARCO)
- Gulf of Mexico Alliance
- Great Lakes Regional Collaboration
Ocean Data Portals